Content tagged: determinism
The anti-homeless ramp is a jarring intervention in the landscape of Sao Paulo. Designed by Andrea Matarazzo, then Sao Paulo’s Secretary of Services, the ramp was first implemented in 2005. The Inter-American Development Bank, as part of the Central Area Rehabilitation Program, funded its design and development. Made out of concrete, the ramp covers the area between the sidewalk and the cover of tunnels/viaducts where people found shelter before. Its surface is sufficiently angled and rough so that no one can sleep on it. The anti-homeless ramp is deliberately practical: it evicts homeless people from the city’s centre.
This project was supported by the Programa Brasil Arte Contemporânea, the Fundação Bienal de São Paulo and the Brazilian Ministry of Culture.
Graziela Kunsch is a Brazilian artist and Rafi Segal is a US based architect and writer.
Connecting Corridor is a temporary architectural intervention between two buildings in the Gerrit Rietveld Academy. The project plays with the notion of personal space and the fear people experience of one another in public places such as subways or tunnels. The new connecting space first gathers, then bifurcates before its two strands unite again. Its cross-section is dimensioned to cause unexpected encounters. Studio Elmo Vermijs works on the intersection of visual art, architecture and design. Photograph: Gemma van Linden.
There was a tradition in 1950s Venezuela of visual arts interacting with architecture and the urban landscape. Vivid geometric patterns along motorways and on public buildings were part of the visual public unconscious and still radiate a sense of optimism. Gili’s intervention in a changing neighbourhood of Caracas builds on this. Painted metal plaques are placed around the area of newly built park in a seemingly random way. The work connects the new park physically and psychologically to its surroundings and this tradition, aiming to create a positive identification within the collective, affecting how residents perceive their own community. Jaime Gili is a visual artist based in London. Photography: Carlos G Rojas.
Changes in urban form will lead to changes in urbanity. This bold thesis is challenged by re-adjusting the geometry of the Palm Jumeraih, the built diagram of an exclusive luxury refuge, now the basis to imagine a socially integrated urbanity. ‘Re:form’ and ‘Re:block’ open up, connect and make permeable, ‘Re:lock’ and ‘Re:gain’ transform a culture of exclusion into a culture of thresholds and appropriation. ‘Re:plot’ cuts domiciles in half to allow for private and public alleyways, ‘Re:use’ turns the villas inside out to provide shaded courtyards. If the question is whether social cultures can be patterned through formal configurations of space, the Palm’s straight answer is yes.
SMAQ is a collaborative studio that operates in the field of architecture, urbanism and research.